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Dictionary of Technical Terms




LAMP Technologies include FTP, File, and Mail Server installation and development. Building and intergrating large multi-tabled databases into sites for user registration and validation, geolocation, eCommerce, and datamining for business decisions and geographical information systems, GIS.

LAMP is an acronym for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. Linux is an operating system which is not for the faint of heart nor the non-technical person. Yet, Linux is very stable and has over the years become the language of choice for supporting all types of devices and foundational structure of what has become the "Internet." At one time, 85% of all of the web servers in use were Linux machines.

Apache is an application software device that is utilized to hold and show presences on the Internet. Apache is well suited for this purpose as the language is controlled by an international organization which makes the software free of charge to all. This software has been translated into most of the major language groups spoken today. And with a single directive, presentation in a a lanugauge other than English is possible.

MySQL is a structured query language,(SQL), for storing and manipulating relational databases. A relational database is a collection of data that is interrelated by one or many aspects. The types of data that we have as standards for our clients are the United States Census Tiger files, IPMax geolocation of IP addresses, Voter registration and voting record files. We can prototype and stock any type of retional database you need.

PHP is an interpreted language with gives directions to an Apache web server for the presentation of dynamic, changing, data. We make extensive use of PHP to standardize mastheads, navigation panels, headers, and footers on most of our sites. This make updates easier and eleminates the need for server side includes, SSI, which in not implemented on most inexpensive commerical Apache servers.

FTP is short for File Transfer Protocol. FTP is a method for two computers, including dissimilar ones, not physically connected to share files. Once we complete your design or makeover, the files are placed on your hosting server by FTP. We never institute exploratory changes on production servers. We maintain a bank of testing servers.

A file server is a computer that serves as a repository or safe deposit box for all types of files that contain data. This data may exist as documents, multimedia files, databases, drawings, and/or spreadsheets. Depending on your needs and your budget, we create file servers utilizing Linux, Microsoft Windows or Machintosh OS servers.

A mail server is a computer that stores and transmits electronic mail, eMail, from one user in the world to one or several users. This mail can include plain text, html, and attachments. The mail transport is machine and language transparent. That is, data can be sent and received from heterogeneous computers and devices. We implement Microsoft Exchange or Small Business Servers in your office environment. In a LAMP environment, we prefer to use procmail as our server of choice. In this environment, we ensure the server we use is transparent to you. You will only need to know how to utilize your email client.

Multimedia may consist of grpahics, photographs, audio files, video files, and two dimensional graphic animations. Becuase of the advancements in computer technology, all types of multimedia short of three dimensional presentations are currently available for presentations. We have the ability to create videos, photographs, and clip art or we use royalty free graphics from iStockphoto or Microsoft. We edit videos utilizing Final Cut Pro and Adode Presentations. We embed multiple streaming resolutions in our implementation of video streaming to give your viewers an enjoyable experience.

HTML is short for HyperText Markup Language. HTML is the foundation language of a web page. We utilize XHTML 1.0 on the majority of our web pages for viewing on desktops, laptops, Internet Television, and mobile devices. We monitor the Apache log file to understand which type of web browsers your clients use. As the minimum capacities of the browsers change, we recommnd appropriate changes in the site design. At this time, as more mobile devices are utilized for Internet access, there is an attitude to use HTML5. An analysis of Apache log files will iindicate if this is a good fit for you.

A hosting package is required in order for others to find your web presence and view your content. We implement both LAMP and dotNet 3.5 implementations of your web site. Annual renewal of hosting fees is recommended as it is less expensive. Yet, we will accept monthly payment for sites that are growing exponentially and need monthly or quarterly updating of resources. Social networking and some eCommerce sites are examples of exponetial growth sites.

A hosting package gives your website an IP address. Yet people do not want to remember an IP address, therefore domain names were created so that you would be easy to find. A fully qualified domain name has three parts. subdomain.domain_name.top_level_service.Once you register a domain name, it is stored in an international repository called a domain name server, DNS. This server tells your viewer’s web browser where to find you if you have an active hosting plan. We assist you in selecting easy to spell and remember. We recommend using short names unless you have something that is so extraordinary that it can be remembered such as aintgotcleanclothes .com, (A’int Got Clean Clothes dot COM).

High Definition, HD, video streaming is a highly specialized service that we offer. Because most locations don’t have the Internet bandwidth for live streaming, we recommond streaming on demand and streaming at a set schedule. Video streaming requires the utilization of customized software and extensive service resources. Video streaming is recommended at 480 and 720 resolutions. Because of the poor infrastructure in the United States, 1080 streaming is not recommended. We also recomment a 16:9 video format adhere to the format of digital televisoions. Thus your high resolution production could be broadcast on local television of cable subscriber services.

In an business environment, there is a need to share information electronically; thus a computer network is required. This network may include two or more computer, several workstations, and/or connection to the Internet. The two options for computer networks are wired and wireless. Normally one would use Ethernet twisted pair to physically connect computers. If your business in in an electrically noisy environment, we recommend utilizing token ring or fiber optic networks. If it is not efficient to run electrical wires to create a computer network, we implement a wireless network. With wireless networks, we implement 802.11 class "g" or class "n" networks. Because of the inherent insecurity of bluetooth, we normally do not recommend there usage unless synching mobile devices and desktops or printing.